The influence of the Nd:YAG laser bleaching on physical and mechanical properties of the dental enamel

Maurem Marcondes, Maria Paula Gandolfi Paranhos, Ana Maria Spohr, Eduardo Gonçalves Mota, Isaac Newton Lima Da Silva, André Arigony Souto, Luiz Henrique Burnett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


Background and Objectives: The Nd:YAG laser can be used in Dentistry to remove soft tissue, disinfect canals in endodontic procedures and prevent caries. However, there is no protocol for Nd:YAG laser application in dental bleaching. The aims of this in vitro study were: (a) to observe the tooth shade alteration when hydrogen peroxide whitening procedures are associated with dyes with different wavelengths and irradiated with Nd:YAG laser or halogen light; (b) to measure the Vickers (VHN) enamel microhardness before and after the whitening procedure; (c) to evaluate the tensile bond strength of two types of adhesive systems applied on bleached enamel; (d) to observe the failure pattern after bond strength testing; (e) to evaluate the pulpal temperature during the bleaching procedures with halogen light or laser; (f) to measure the kinetic reaction of hydrogen peroxide. Materials and Methods: Extracted sound human molar crowns were sectioned in the mesiodistal direction to obtain 150 fragments that were divided into five groups for each adhesive system: WL (H 2O2 + thickener and Nd:YAG), WH (H2O 2 + thickener and halogen light), QL (H2O2 1 carbopol + Q-switch and Nd:YAG), QH (H2O2 + carbopol + Q-switch and halogen light), and C (Control, without whitening agent). Shade assessment was made with a shade guide and the microhardness tests were performed before and after the bleaching procedures. Immediately afterwards, the groups were restored with the adhesive systems Adper Single Bond 2 or Solobond M plus composite resin, and the tensile bond strength test was performed. The temperature was measured by thermocouples placed on the enamel surface and intrapulpal chamber. The kinetics of hydrogen peroxide was observed by ultraviolet analysis. Results: The shade changed seven levels for Nd:YAG laser groups and eight levels for halogen light. According to the student's t-test, there was no statistical difference between the VHN before and after the whitening protocols (p > 0.05). The tensile bond strength showed no statistical significance between the test groups and the controls, considering both adhesive systems tested by ANOVA and Tukey tests (p > 0.05). The predominant failure pattern after bond strength testing was mixed. The temperature was safe for laser and halogen light. The kinetic reaction showed that after 5 min all the hydrogen peroxide had been consumed. Conclusions: Nd:YAG laser associated with hydrogen peroxide bleached the enamel, the shade being similar to that obtained with the traditional method performed with halogen light. Moreover, the Vickers' microhardness and bond strength values were not altered in comparison with those for nonbleached enamel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)388-395
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
Volume90 B
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Bond strength test
  • Enamel
  • Laser
  • Microhardness
  • Tooth bleaching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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