The use of simulation in the development of individual cognitive expertise in emergency medicine

William Bond, Gloria Kuhn, Emily Binstadt, Mark Quirk, Teresa Wu, Matthew Tews, Parvati Dev, K. Anders Ericsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


This consensus group from the 2008 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference, "The Science of Simulation in Healthcare: Defining and Developing Clinical Expertise," held in Washington, DC, May 28, 2008, focused on the use of simulation for the development of individual expertise in emergency medicine (EM). Methodologically sound qualitative and quantitative research will be needed to illuminate, refine, and test hypotheses in this area. The discussion focused around six primary topics: the use of simulation to study the behavior of experts, improving the overall competence of clinicians in the shortest time possible, optimizing teaching strategies within the simulation environment, using simulation to diagnose and remediate performance problems, and transferring learning to the real-world environment. Continued collaboration between academic communities that include medicine, cognitive psychology, and education will be required to answer these questions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1037-1045
Number of pages9
JournalAcademic Emergency Medicine
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Cognitive
  • Competence
  • Deliberate practice
  • Expertise
  • Remediation
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine


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