Vascular smooth muscle cell differentiation - 2010

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Vascular smooth muscle cells have attracted considerable interest as a model for a flexible program of gene expression. This cell type arises throughout the embryo body plan via poorly understood signaling cascades that direct the expression of transcription factors and microRNAs which, in turn, orchestrate the activation of contractile genes collectively defining this cell lineage. The discovery of myocardin and its close association with serum response factor has represented a major break-through for the molecular understanding of vascular smooth muscle cell differentiation. Retinoids have been shown to improve the outcome of vessel wall remodeling following injury and have provided further insights into the molecular circuitry that defines the vascular smooth muscle cell phenotype. This review summarizes the progress to date in each of these areas of vascular smooth muscle cell biology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-180
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biomedical Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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