A Review of Bone Substitutes

Solon T. Kao, Daniel D. Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

182 Scopus citations


The use of bone grafts in the repair of defects has a long history of success, primarily with the use of autologous bone. With increasing technologic advances, researchers have been able to broaden the spectrum of grafting materials to allografts, xenografts, and synthetic materials, which provide the surgeon and patient with options, each with unique advantages. It is with the knowledge of each material that the clinician can present and suggest the best material and tailor treatment plans to fit each individual. In this article, we present an overview of the principles of bone grafting, the types of graft materials available, and an outlook to what the future holds in this area of medicine and dentistry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)513-521
Number of pages9
JournalOral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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