Advances in biogenically synthesized shaped metal- and carbon-based nanoarchitectures and their medicinal applications

Ehsan Nazarzadeh Zare, Vinod V.T. Padil, Babak Mokhtari, Abhilash Venkateshaiah, Stanislaw Wacławek, Miroslav Černík, Franklin R. Tay, Rajender S. Varma, Pooyan Makvandi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Non-spherical metal-based and carbon-based nanostructures have found applications in every facet of scientific endeavors, including engineering and biomedical fields. These nanostructures attract attention because of their biocompatibility and negligible cytotoxicity. Chemical and physical methods have been used for synthesizing earlier generations of metal-based and carbon-based nanostructures with variable architectures, including nanorods, nanowires, nanodots and nanosheets. However, these synthesis strategies utilize organic passivators which are toxic to the environment and the human body. Biogenic synthesis of nanoparticles is becoming increasing popular because of the necessity to develop eco-friendly and non-toxic strategies. Nanoparticles synthesized by natural compounds have immense potential in the biomedical arena. The present review focuses on plant-mediated synthesis of metal-based and carbon-based non-spherical nanoarchitectures and the role of green synthesis in improving their activities for biomedical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102236
JournalAdvances in Colloid and Interface Science
StatePublished - Sep 2020


  • Biological activity
  • Biomedical application
  • Carbon dot
  • Carbon-based nanoparticles
  • Metal nanoparticles
  • Non-spherical nanostructures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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