Application of a bovine cervical mucus penetration test

B. A. Keel, R. W. Kelly, B. W. Webster, K. L. Zumbach, D. K. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


One hundred seventy-eight ejaculates obtained from infertility patients were evaluated by routine semen analysis and by a bovine cervical mucus penetration test (BCMPT). A significant correlation (p < 0.01) was observed between mucus penetration and both sperm count (r = 0.349) and sperm motility (r = 0.394). One hundred fifty-two of 178 patients (85% had normal sperm counts (>20 × 106/ml). Of these patients, 68% had good (>30 mm), 26% had questional (21-30 mm), and 7% had abnormal (<20 mm) penetration values. One hundred sixty-one of 178 patients (90% had normal sperm motilities (>40% Of these patients, 71% had good, 25% had questionable, and 4% had abnormal penetration values. Conversly, 46% and 18% of patients with abnormal sperm count and motility, respectively, had normal penetration values (>30 mm). A significant relationship (p < 0.05) was observed between the BCMPT and pregnancy problems not apparent by semen analysis data, and may prove to be a useful adjunct to the use of routine semen analysis in evaluating male fertility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-41
Number of pages9
JournalSystems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes


  • Cervical mucus
  • Human sperm
  • Mucus penetration
  • Postcoital test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Urology


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