A number of protein secretion mechanisms have been identified in gram-negative pathogens. Many of these secretion systems are dependent upon the Sec translocase for protein export from the cytoplasm into the periplasm and then utilize other mechanisms for transport from the periplasm through the outer membrane. In this article, we review secretion similarities between autotransporter and two-partner secretion systems, and we report similarities between the autotransporter secretion mechanism with that of intimin/invasins. Considering that many secreted proteins are virulence factors, a better understanding of their secretion mechanisms will aid in the development of disease treatments and new bacterial vaccines.
- Gram-Negative Bacteria
- Protein Secretion
- Two-Partner Secretion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology