Breast cancer screening of the medically underserved: results and implications.

C. B. McCoy, Selina A. Smith, L. R. Metsch, R. S. Anwyl, R. Correa, L. Bankston, J. J. Zavertnik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Socioeconomic status is the most significant factor influencing the decreased survival associated with breast cancer in minority groups in the United States. Barriers to the use of early detection programs by low-income women often result in the detection of breast cancer at stages too advanced to assure optimum outcomes. In an effort to increase accessibility of breast cancer screening among such individuals, the Early Detection Program (EDP) was initiated in 1987. The program provided breast cancer screening to women 40 years of age and older who attended eight primary healthcare centers located in low-income neighborhoods throughout Dade County, Florida. From its inception in October 1987 through December 1993, 23,866 medically underserved women had mammography examinations, with more than 17,000 of these women undergoing baseline mammograms. Since the program's inception, 126 cancers were diagnosed in 123 women. A dramatic shift from later to earlier stage breast cancers was observed. These results warrant a greater inclusion of medically underserved and lower socioeconomic status women in screening programs for the early detection of breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)267-274
Number of pages8
JournalCancer practice
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing
  • Oncology


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