Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Body Fatness, and Submaximal Systolic Blood Pressure among Young Adult Women

Vivek Kumar Prasad, Clemens Drenowatz, Gregory A. Hand, Carl J. Lavie, Xuemei Sui, Madison Demello, Steven N. Blair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: We examined the independent and combined associations of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), body fat (BF) percentage (BF%), and body mass index (BMI) with submaximal systolic blood pressure (SSBP) among young adult women. Materials and Methods: Analyses included a sample of 211 normotensive women with a BMI between 20 and 35 kg/m2; BF% was calculated using total BF measured from dual X-ray absorptiometry, CRF was assessed using a graded exercise test, and SSBP was measured at each stage. Results: There was a significant direct association of SSBP with BF% and BMI, whereas an inverse association between SSBP and CRF when adjusted for the covariates. There was no significant association between SSBP and BF% across the stages 1-3 with a borderline significant association at stage 4 when further adjusted for CRF, whereas no association at any of the stages when adjusted for BMI. A borderline significant association between SSBP and BMI was found at stage 1 and significant association at stages 2-4 when additionally adjusted for CRF, whereas the association disappeared at stages 1-2 when adjusted for BF%. The inverse association between SSBP and CRF was eliminated at stages 3-4 when further adjusted for BF% with borderline significant association at stages 1-2. The associations remained significant at the stages 1-2 but not at stages 3-4 after adjusting for BMI. Conclusion: CRF, BF%, and BMI seem to have critical roles in determining SSBP with CRF and BF% being more potent at lower intensity exercise, whereas BMI was more strongly associated at higher intensity exercise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)897-903
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Women's Health
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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