Cell-permeable peptide targeting the Nrf2-keap1 interaction: A potential novel therapy for global cerebral ischemia

Jingyi Tu, Xi Zhang, Ying Zhu, Yongxin Dai, Ning Li, Fang Yang, Quanguang Zhang, Darrell W Brann, Ruimin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations


The current study examined efficacy of a small Tat (trans-activator of transcription)-conjugated peptide activator of the Nrf2 (nuclear factor-E2-related factor-2) antioxidant/cell-defense pathway as a potential injury-specific, novel neuroprotectant against global cerebral ischemia (GCI).A competitive peptide, DEETGE-CAL-Tat, was designed to facilitate Nrf2 activation by disrupting interaction of Nrf2 with Keap1 (kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1), a protein that sequesters Nrf2 in the cytoplasm and thereby inactivates it. The DEETGECAL-Tat peptide contained the critical sequence DEETGE for the Nrf2-Keap1 interaction, the cell transduction domain of the HIV-Tat protein, and the cleavage sequence of calpain, which is sensitive to Ca2+ increase and allows injury-specific activation of Nrf2. Using an animal model of GCI, we demonstrated that pretreatment with the DEETGE-CAL-Tat peptide markedly decreased Nrf2 interaction with Keap1 in the rat hippocampal CA1 region after GCI, and enhanced Nrf2 nuclear translocation and DNA binding. The DEETGE-CAL-Tat peptide also induced Nrf2 antioxidant/cytoprotective target genes, reduced oxidative stress, and induced strong neuroprotection and marked preservation of hippocampal-dependent cognitive function after GCI. These effects were specific as control peptides lacked neuroprotective ability. Intriguingly, the DEETGE-CAL-Tat peptide effects were also injury specific, as it had no effect upon neuronal survival or cognitive performance in sham non ischemic animals. Of significant interest, peripheral, post ischemia administration of the DEETGE-CAL-Tat peptide from days 1-9 after GCI also induced robust neuroprotection and strongly preserved hippo campal-dependent cognitive function. Based on its robust neuro protective and cognitive-preserving effects, and its unique injury-specific activation properties, the DEETGE-CAL-Tat peptide represents a novel, and potentially promising new therapeutic modality for the treatment of GCI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14727-14739
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Issue number44
StatePublished - Nov 4 2015


  • Cardiac arrest
  • Cognitive defect
  • Hippocampus CA1 region
  • Neuroprotection
  • Peptide
  • Reactive oxidative species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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