RIII/Sa and C3H mice harbour milk-borne mouse mammary tumour virus (MMTV) and develop mammary tumours at a high incidence. These mammary tumours usually arise ventrally and/or on the sides of the animals. In the present study, some mice of both strains were observed to have tumours in the dorsal neck area. Histological analysis of the tumours indicated their similarity to mammary tumours induced by MMTV oncogenesis. The neck tumours were found by thin-section electron microscopy to contain both type A and type B particles that are hallmarks of MMTV infection. In addition, the neck tumour DNA possessed insertion mutations of Wnt-1 and Fgf-3 proto-oncogenes, the activation of which play important roles in the development of mouse mammary tumours. These neck tumours appear to be mammary tumours that arise in the context of in-situ mammary tissue, similar to rare 'ectopic' human breast cancers that arise in the axillary region and other sites remote from the breast.
- Ectopic breast cancer
- Mouse mammary tumour virus
- Neck tumour
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine