Chronic myeloid leukemia: Diagnosis and treatment

Alfonso Quintás-Cardama, Jorge E. Cortes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

164 Scopus citations


Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) has become a model in research and management among malignant disorders. Since the discovery of the presence of a unique and constant chromosomal abnormality slightly more than 40 years ago, substantial progress has been made in the understanding of the biology of the disease. This progress has translated into significant improvement in the long-term prognosis of patients with this disease. This change came first with the use of stem cell transplantation and interferon alfa, but recently it has opened the era of melecularly targeted therapies, imatinib, a potent and selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor, may be the best example of our attempts to Identify molecular abnormalities and develop drugs directed specifically at them. Furthermore, the understanding of at least some of the mechanisms of resistance to imatinib has led to rapid development of new agents that may overcome this resistance. The outlook today for patients with CML is much brighter than just a few years ago. It is our hope that this fascinating journey in CML can be replicated in other malignancies. In this article, we review our current understanding of this disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)973-988
Number of pages16
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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