Cystic fibrosis exacerbations treated with medical therapy with and without concurrent sinus surgery

Drew H. Smith, Jeffrey J. Falco, Aditya K. Devarakonda, Thomas W. Holmes, Brian Shirley, John Drew Prosser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: This analysis investigates any potential differences in pulmonary function test (PFT) outcomes among pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) receiving both medical management (MM) and functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) versus MM alone for CF exacerbation. Study design: Prospective cohort. Setting: Pediatric tertiary care facility. Methods: The data was prospectively collected from July 2011 to March 2020. Diagnosis of CF and age ≤ to 18 were required. All patients were hospitalized and treated for CF exacerbations with both FESS with MM and MM alone at variable time intervals, although the order of initial treatment received differed. Two-way ANOVA with repeated measures were used to determine the effect of receiving FESS with MM versus MM alone on PFT outcomes over time (during admission, at discharge, at 3 months, at 6 months, and at 12 months). Results: 13 pediatric patients, 7 of which had FESS with MM initially and 6 who had MM alone initially, and 20 events of both FESS and MM were included for analysis. For PFT outcomes, there was no statistically significant two-way interaction between treatment type and time following treatment, p = 0.492. The main effect of treatment did not show a statistically significant difference in FEV1 between treatment types, p = 0.737. There was no statistically significant association between treatment type and time between hospital readmission in months, p = 0.111. Conclusion: There was no significant difference between PFT outcomes in pediatric patients hospitalized for CF exacerbation treated with MM with or without FESS at any time interval.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111249
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
StatePublished - Oct 2022


  • CF
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • FESS
  • FEV1
  • Outcomes
  • PFTs
  • Sinus surgery
  • Unified airway theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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