Dental erosion among 12-year-old schoolchildren: A population-based cross-sectional study in South Brazil

Luana Severo Alves, Carolina Doege Brusius, Nailê Damé-Teixeira, Marisa Maltz, Cristiano Susin

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29 Scopus citations


Objective To assess the epidemiology and risk indicators for dental erosion among 12-year-old schoolchildren in South Brazil. Methods A population-based cross-sectional survey was conducted in Porto Alegre, Brazil, using a representative sample of 12-year-old schoolchildren (n = 1,528). Dental erosion was recorded according to the Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE) index. Parents answered questions on socio-economic status, brushing frequency and general health. Schoolchildren answered questions on dietary habits. Anthropometric data were collected. Statistical analysis included logistic and Poisson regression models. Results The prevalence of dental erosion was 15% [95% confidence interval (95% CI): 13.6-16.5], being mainly mild erosion. Boys [odds ratio (OR) = 1.57, 95% CI: 1.17-2.10], private school attendees (OR = 1.45, 95% CI: 1.01-2.06) and schoolchildren reporting the daily consumption of soft drinks (OR = 5.04, 95% CI: 1.17-21.71) were more likely to have at least one tooth with dental erosion. Gender [boys, rate ratio (RR) = 1.66, 95% CI: 1.28-2.17], type of school (private, RR = 1.89, 95% CI: 1.53-2.35), the consumption of soft drinks (sometimes: RR = 5.27, 95% CI: 1.46-19.05; daily: RR = 6.82, 95% CI: 1.39-33.50) and the daily consumption of lemon (RR = 1.49, 95% CI: 1.11-2.00) were significantly associated with the number of affected surfaces. Conclusions The present study found a moderate prevalence of dental erosion among young schoolchildren, with mild erosion being the most prevalent condition. Socio demographic variables and dietary habits were associated with dental erosion in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)322-330
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Dental Journal
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015


  • Tooth erosion
  • epidemiology
  • prevalence
  • risk assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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