Does root surface conditioning with citric acid delay healing?

K. A. Selvig, G. C. Bogle, T. J. Sigurdsson, U. M. Wikesjö

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Effects of topical citric acid application on tissue maturation was studied in standardized periodontal defects in 6 beagle dogs. Following elevation of facial mucoperiosteal flaps, fenestration defects, 3 mm in diameter, were made through the cortical bone and recessed 0.5 mm into the dentin of maxillary canines. 1 defect in each dog was conditioned with a saturated solution of citric acid for 3 min and then rinsed with saline. Control defects in contralateral teeth were treated with saline only for the same length of time. The defects were covered with an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene membrane and the flaps repositioned and sutured. 14 days postsurgery, healing appeared more advanced along the defect walls and floor than in the center of the defect in all instances. Histometrically, citric acid-conditioned defects exhibited a higher density of collagen fibers along the defect walls and floor and adjacent to the barrier membrane as well as more advanced resolution of the residual blood clot than the surgical controls. Differences in fibroblast density within specimen pairs were non-significant. All control defects but none of the acid-conditioned defects showed an artifactual split between the dentin walls and the granulation tissue. This study failed to support the contention that topical application of citric acid to root surfaces may delay healing following periodontal surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-127
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics


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