Effect of Linking Practice Data to Published Evidence: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Clinical Direct Reports

E. Andrew Balas, Suzanne Austin Boren, Lanis L. Hicks, Arnold M. Chonko, Karen Stephenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Objectives. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of clinical direct reports (practice data with pertinent evidence from the literature) on dialysis modality selection for patients with end-stage renal disease. Methods. A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted at five dialysis centers. Five of the 10 physician participants were assigned through centralized computerized randomization to the intervention group (who received 12 center-specific clinical direct reports encouraging the consideration of peritoneal dialysis), and five were assigned to the control group, who received usual information but no similar report. One hundred fifty-two patients were eligible for monitoring. Results. The number of patients allocated to peritoneal dialysis was significantly higher in the intervention group than in the control group (15.3% versus 2.4%; P = 0.044). Due to a need for transient initial hemodialysis by some patients, the percentage of patients receiving peritoneal dialysis further increased through the end of the 3-month follow-up (18.0% versus 4.9%, P = 0.041). Conclusions. There were no significant differences between the intervention and control groups in meeting patient preferences, metabolic status, and complication rates. The results of this study show that linking pertinent published evidence to actual practice data can support the implementation of practice recommendations and influence the selection of dialysis treatment for new patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-87
Number of pages9
JournalMedical Care
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Computerized feedback
  • Dialysis
  • Randomized controlled clinical trial
  • Utilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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