Effect of sex steroids and insulin on dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate production by hepatoma G2 cells

Marita Pall, Margaret Nguyen, Denis Magoffin, Ricardo Azziz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objective: To test the hypothesis that DHEAS production from DHEA occurs in hepatic cells and that this production is augmented by the presence of sex steroids or insulin. Design: In vitro prospective experiment. Setting: Academic medical center. Intervention(s): Hepatoma G2 cells cultured in media supplemented with [1] DHEA (10-5 mol/L) only, [2] DHEA (10-5 mol/L) + T (10-6 mol/L), [3] DHEA (10-5 mol/L) + E2 (10-6 mol/L), [4] DHEA (10-5 mol/L) + dihydrotestosterone (10-6 mol/L), [5] DHEA (10-5 mol/L) + insulin (10 ng/mL), or [6] DHEA (10-5 mol/L) + insulin (100 ng/mL). Main Outcome Measure(s): Levels of DHEAS in the media were measured at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours after adding treatments at time-point 0. Result(s): Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate was first detected in the hepatoma G2 cell culture media at 12 hours of incubation. The cumulative production rate of DHEAS increased linearly until 72 hours of incubation. When compared with the effect of treatment with DHEA only, treatment with DHEA plus T, dihydrotestosterone, or E2 delayed the cumulative DHEAS production; alternatively, the addition of insulin did not alter DHEAS production. Conclusion(s): These data suggest that although hepatic cells have the ability of converting DHEA to DHEAS, neither sex steroids nor insulin results in the increased hepatic production of DHEAS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2551-2556
Number of pages6
JournalFertility and sterility
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Adrenal androgen excess
  • DHEA sulfotransferase
  • HepG2 cells
  • SULT2A1
  • dehydroepiandrosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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