Effects of subtoxic concentrations of benzoyl peroxide on cell lipid metabolism

R. Datar, Fredrick A. Rueggeberg, G. B. Caughman, John C. Wataha, Jill Lewis, G. S. Schuster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Benzoyl peroxide (BP), a tumor promoter, has been shown to cause free-radical-induced lipid peroxidation and membrane damage at toxic concentrations. However, its effects on lipid metabolism at concentrations that were not overtly toxic have not been investigated. The purpose of the current study was to examine the effects of BP and its final degradation product, benzoic acid (BA), on lipid metabolism. Two cell lines, hamster cheek pouch (HCP) and human monocytes (THP-1), were used to determine the effects of BP, BA, and BP combined with FeCl2 on cell lipid metabolism. Cells were exposed to BP and 14C acetate for 24 h, or cells with prelabeled lipids were harvested, and the lipids were extracted and separated with the use of thin-layer chromatography. Lipid metabolism of some neutral lipids such as triglycerides was altered for both cell types in response to BP. Also, cholesterol content was reduced in THP-1 cells and a phospholipid, phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), was reduced in HCP cells. The final degradation product of BP, BA, failed to elicit any response in lipid metabolism. Subtoxic concentrations of BP induced changes in neutral lipids such as triglycerides and cholesterol. The metabolism of major phospholipids except PE remained unchanged. The effects were related to BP and its degradation and varied with the cell type.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)685-692
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 15 2004


  • Benzoyl peroxide
  • Cell cultures
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Lipid metabolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys


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