Expression of cellular genes in HPV16-immortalized and cigarette smoke condensate-transformed human endocervical cells

Xiaolong Yang, Yoshifumi Nakao, Mary M. Pater, Shou Ching Tang, Alan Pater

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


We studied the molecular mechanism of successive multistep cervical carcinogenic progression with our previously established in vitro model system. This system was composed of primary human endocervical cells (HEN), two lines of HEN immortalized by HPV16 and their counterparts subsequently malignantly transformed by cigarette smoke condensate (CSC). The expression was examined of diverse cellular genes associated with oncogenesis and senescence; especially for cervical cancer. Consistent results were seen for the pairs of immortalized and malignantly transformed lines. Immortalization of HEN by HPV16 resulted in enhanced expression of H-ras, c-myc, B-myb, p53, p16(INK4) and PCNA mRNA; enhanced expression of p16 and PCNA proteins; decreased expression of WAF1/p21/Cip1/Sid1 and fibronectin mRNA; and decreased p53 protein. On the other hand, the CSC-transformed counterparts of HPV16-immortalized cells had up-regulated levels of B-myb, p53 and WAF1 mRNA and p53 protein. Our results indicate that the differential activation or inactivation of multiple cellular genes is important for the immortalization, as well as the transformation, of human cervical cells. Further, we suggest that our in vitro model system is useful for investigating the molecular mechanism of multistep cervical carcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-321
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of cellular biochemistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 1997


  • Human papillomavirus type 16
  • Immortalization
  • Oncogenes
  • Oncogenesis
  • Proteins
  • Senescence
  • Smoking cofactor
  • Tumor suppressors
  • Tumorigenesis
  • mRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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