Fetal ECG analysis for intrapartum electronic fetal monitoring: A review

Lawrence D. Devoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Computerized analysis of the fetal electrocardiogram has been developed during the past 40 years. A mature system for ST analysis (STAN) has resulted from a series of laboratory and clinical studies. The current STAN system provides adjunctive information to the standard interpretation of fetal heart rate (FHR) patterns. This monograph describes the basis for the STAN methodology, including the derivation of its basic measure, the T : QRS ratio. It summarizes the supporting research and clinical trials that have led to its adoption in obstetric practice. The STAN methodology is outlined according to current fetal heart rate classification and management guidelines. Recent clinical experiences with STAN systems in Europe and the United States are discussed. Finally, future directions for this technology are listed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56-65
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Fetal electrocardiography
  • Fetal metabolic acidosis
  • Intrapartum fetal monitoring
  • ST segment analysis
  • STAN system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


Dive into the research topics of 'Fetal ECG analysis for intrapartum electronic fetal monitoring: A review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this