This study was done to test the hypothesis that fluoride reabsorption is extensive from the distal nephron, the major site for tubular fluid acidification, and to compare the distal nephron handling of fluoride and chloride. Ten stop-flow studies were done in five dogs anesthetized with pentobarbital. Urinary alkalinization was achieved by the intravenous infusion of sodium bicarbonate and acetazolamide or lithium chloride. Acidification was achieved by the infusion of sodium nitrate or sodium sulfate. The results indicate that the extent of fluoride reabsorption from the distal nephron is inversely correlated with urinary pH (P < 0.001). When the urine was strongly acidified by the infusion of sodium sulfate, urine to plasma fluoride concentration ratios were less than 1.0, a finding not previously reported from studies of the renal handling of fluoride. The reabsorption of fluoride from the distal nephron was not correlated consistently with that of chloride. The results indicate that the distal nephron is an important site for the reabsorption of fluoride and they provide additional evidence that HF is the permeating moiety.
|Number of pages
|Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
|Published - Feb 1991
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)