Functional and aesthetic endpoints in orthognathic surgery

M. E. Elsalanty, David G. Genecov, J. S. Genecov

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Although facial deformity can accurately be described and classified, the treatment goal can be more difficult to define. Functional and esthetic endpoints calibrated to a set of normal facial proportions may achieve a "normal" face but one that is not necessarily beautiful. Results of orthognathic surgery can dramatically be improved by adding an aesthetic concept to the surgical plan. We can achieve a face with both stable occlusion and a beautiful look each time. Additional soft tissue procedures may be required to perfect the final balance and harmony of the face.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)725-733
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Aesthetic
  • Endpoints
  • Functional
  • Orthognathic
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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