Immunostimulant adjuvant patch enhances humoral and cellular immune responses to DNA immunization

Mikayel Mkrtichyan, Anahit Ghochikyan, Nina Movsesyan, Adrine Karapetyan, Gayane Begoyan, Jianmei Yu, Gregory M. Glenn, Ted M. Ross, Michael G. Agadjanyan, David H. Cribbs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The focus of this report is on the development of an improved DNA immunization protocol, which takes advantage of the strengths of DNA immunization, as well as those associated with adjuvant delivered by transcutaneous immunostimulatory (IS) patches. Because transcutaneous delivery of adjuvants to the skin at the vaccination site has been shown to amplify the immune response to protein antigens, we hypothesized that the same IS patch when placed on the skin at the site of DNA injection could further enhance the immune response to a DNA influenza vaccine. We have combined an influenza DNA vaccine, hemagglutinin fused with three copies of complement C3d, to enhance uptake and antigen presentation, with an IS patch containing heat-labile enterotoxin from Escherichia coli. Coadministration of a potent adjuvant in IS patches placed on the skin at the site of DNA vaccination dramatically amplifies anti-influenza antibody immune response. Supplementing DNA vaccines with IS patches may be a particularly valuable strategy because DNA vaccines can be rapidly modified in response to mutations in pathogens, and individuals with compromised immune systems such as transplant patients and the elderly will benefit from the enhanced antibody response induced by the IS patches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-24
Number of pages6
JournalDNA and cell biology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology


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