Improving the wear performance of feldspathic veneering porcelain by ion-exchange strengthening

M. Meng, X. C. Li, J. W. Guo, M. Zhou, L. N. Niu, F. R. Tay, L. He, S. F. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Objectives: The present study examined the effects of Na+→K+ ion-exchange on the wear performance of feldspathic veneering porcelain. Methods: Bar and disk specimens were prepared using IPS classic as the feldspathic veneering porcelain. After ion-exchange by immersion of the specimens in melted KNO3 at two temperatures for different time-periods, the bars were tested for flexural strength and Vickers surface hardness. The disks were paired with zirconia antagonists and tested with a pin-on-disk tribometer with 10 N for 70☓104 wear cycles in artificial saliva. Wear analysis of the porcelain and zirconia was performed using 3D profilometer and analysed with one-way analysis of variance and Tukey's post-hoc pairwise comparison procedures. Worn surfaces were examined with scanning electron microscopy. Results: The feldspathic veneering porcelain exhibited strong time-dependent wear behaviour, with typical running-in and steady wear stages. Ion-exchange treatments at 380 °C and 440 °C both enhanced the mechanical properties, decreased the wear rates of running-in wear and steady wear. The wear performance of porcelain treated by ion-exchange at lower temperature (380 °C) was improved significantly, especially reducing the wear rate of the running-in stage. Conclusion: A thicker ion-exchange layer with less stress relaxation may be obtained by ion-exchange at lower exchange temperature for a long processing time. Such a protocol improves the wear performance of the porcelain effectively. Clinical significance: Restorations with veneering porcelain may fail prematurely due to excessive wear. It important to improve the wear performance of the porcelain. Ion-exchange has the potential to strengthen dental veneering porcelain. Understanding the effect of ion-exchange on the wear performance of porcelain provides insight improving the wear performance of these restorations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103210
JournalJournal of Dentistry
StatePublished - Nov 2019


  • Feldspathic veneering porcelain
  • Ion-exchange
  • Wear performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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