Infiltration/evaporation-induced shrinkage of demineralized dentin by solvated model adhesives

Thomas D. Becker, Kelli A. Agee, Anthony P. Joyce, Frederick A. Rueggeberg, James L. Borke, Jennifer L. Waller, Franklin R. Tay, David H. Pashley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


During dentin bonding, solvated adhesive comonomers are applied to water-saturated decalcified dentin matrices. When alcohol-solvated hydrophilic or hydrophobic methacrylate monomers are applied, they chemically remove water and cause matrix shrinkage during comonomer infiltration. Evaporation of solvent induces further shrinkage. The purpose of this work was to compare the shrinkage of water-saturated dentin. matrices infiltrated with ethanol- or methanol-solvated 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), 2,2-bis[4(2-hydroxy-3- methacryloyloxy-propyloxy)-phenyl] propane (BisGMA), or triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) at 90/10, 70/30, 50/50, and 30/70 mass fraction % alcohol/monomer before and after evaporation of alcohol. Thin (ca 0.2 mm) disks of human mid-coronal dentin were demineralized and placed in a well beneath the contact probe of a linear variable differential transformer (LVDT). The height of the matrix was measured before and after random application of one of the twelve alcohol/monomer mixtures. Matrix height was measured during infiltration and during solvent evaporation. Between trials, residual monomer was extracted using ethanol. These studies were repeated on specimens in which 100% alcohol was used to substitute for water in the matrix. Both studies revealed that matrices shrink 30-50% but that pretreatment of matrices with alcohol prevents BisGMA phase separations from occurring. Wet bonding with ethanol instead of water permits infiltration of relatively hydrophobic alcohol/monomers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-165
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2007


  • Alcohol
  • Collagen
  • Demineralized dentin
  • Hydrophilic
  • Model primers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Infiltration/evaporation-induced shrinkage of demineralized dentin by solvated model adhesives'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this