Innate function of vitamin E

Amber C. Howard, Paul L. McNeil

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


For almost a century, the biological role of vitamin E has been a scientific puzzle. Diets deficient in vitamin E lead to disease, specifically involving muscle, but the mechanism involved remained unsolved. Recent studies, reviewed here, show that vitamin E improves skeletal muscle cell survival after membrane injuries typically induced by exercise, namely by robustly promoting the rapid repair response a cell mounts to patch membrane tears. This capacity for repair promotion can explain why vitamin E is essential for muscle health. Understanding the biological function of vitamin E might provide the needed direction in the application of vitamin E as a beneficial supplement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAgro Food Industry Hi-Tech
Issue number4 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012


  • Antioxidant
  • Membrane repair
  • Muscle
  • Repair
  • Tocopherol
  • Trolox
  • Vitamin E

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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