Longitudinal study of inflammatory markers and psychopathology in schizophrenia

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15 Scopus citations


Objective: Schizophrenia is associated with abnormal levels of blood inflammatory markers, which may be correlated with levels of psychopathology. Few previous studies have explored whether baseline inflammatory marker levels predict longitudinal changes in psychopathology. In the present study, we explored this association in a cohort of patients with schizophrenia. Method: We investigated inflammatory markers and psychopathology after 3, 6, and 12 months of antipsychotic treatment for subjects with baseline and follow-up data from the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE) schizophrenia trial. Linear regression models, controlling for multiple potential confounding factors, were used to investigate these associations. Results: There was a significant decrease in monocyte, ICAM, and adiponectin levels between baseline and 12 months. Higher baseline blood interleukin-6 (IL-6) predicted greater reduction in PANSS total and general subscale scores at 3 and 6 months, and PANSS negative subscale scores at 3 months (β = −0.10 to −0.16, p < 0.05 for each). Higher baseline blood leptin levels predicted greater reduction in PANSS total, negative and general subscale scores at 6 months (β = −0.09 to −0.11, p < 0.05 for each). In post-hoc analyses, associations between baseline IL-6 levels and symptom reduction were strongest in patients treated with either ziprasidone or quetiapine. Changes in blood inflammatory markers were generally not associated with changes in psychopathology. Conclusions: Our findings provide additional support that measuring blood inflammatory markers may be relevant to the clinical care of patients with schizophrenia. Specifically, these markers may help guide selection of antipsychotic treatment towards more personalized medicine approaches for patients with schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-66
Number of pages9
JournalSchizophrenia Research
StatePublished - Oct 2020


  • Inflammation
  • Interleukin-6
  • Leptin
  • Psychopathology
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry


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