Meta-analysis to study the impact of learning engagement strategies in introductory computer programming courses: A multi-institutional study

Vijayalakshmi Ramasamy, Mourya Reddy Narasareddygari, Gursimran Walia, Andrew Allen, Debra Duke, James Kiper, Debra Davis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


Various Learning Engagement Strategies (LESs) have been used in CS education to motivate students and facilitate learning. More recently, LESs are being used to support programming pedagogy. Therefore, investigating the influence that the multiple attributes of LESs used as instruction interventions have on students' academic performance is a fertile educational research area. For the past few years, a group of CSEd researchers across three different U.S. institutions have been using a cyberlearning environment (incorporating LESs) to promote student learning and engagement in introductory programming courses. While there have been researches on independent studies on particular LES, the current paper is a meta-analysis of the effectiveness of various combinations of Learning Engagement Strategies (LESs) across different student groups using a series of studies conducted across these three separate institutions over a period of time. Specifically, we investigate the impact of different combinations of LESs such as collaborative learning (CL), gamification (G), and social interaction (SI) embedded in a cyberlearning environment on student understanding of programming concepts in an introductory programming course. In terms of findings that can be generalized across institutions and students, we found that using LESs had a positive impact on student engagement and learning especially when using SI and G in combination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2021 ACMSE Conference - ACMSE 2021
Subtitle of host publicationThe Annual ACM Southeast Conference
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781450380683
StatePublished - Apr 15 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event2021 ACM Southeast Conference, ACMSE 2021 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: Apr 15 2021Apr 17 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 2021 ACMSE Conference - ACMSE 2021: The Annual ACM Southeast Conference


Conference2021 ACM Southeast Conference, ACMSE 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online


  • CS1
  • Cyberlearning environment
  • Learning engagement strategies
  • Meta-analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Software


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