Micro–computed Tomographic Evaluation of the Quality of Root Canal Fillings in Mandibular Molars after Obturation for 54 Months

He Liu, Wendy Wing Man Lai, Ahmed Hieawy, Yuan Gao, Hsing Chi von Bergmann, Markus Haapasalo, Franklin R. Tay, Ya Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Introduction: The present study evaluated the percentage volume of voids in root canals of mandibular molars that had been obturated for 54 months. Methods: Thirty extracted human mandibular molars were instrumented and debrided. The teeth were assigned to 3 groups (n = 10) according to the filling technique and sealer used: the single-cone technique using AH Plus sealer (AHS; Dentsply Sirona Endodontics, Tulsa, OK) or EndoSequence BC sealer (BCS; Brasseler USA Dental LLC, Savannah, GA) and the warm vertical compaction technique using AH Plus sealer (AHW). The specimens were stored at 37°C and 100% humidity. Micro–computed tomographic imaging was used to scan each specimen 1 day 54 months after obturation. Data were analyzed using 1-way analysis of variance and the paired t test. Results: The percentage volume of voids in the teeth 1 day after obturation in the AHS group was higher than in the BCS group and the AHW group (P < .05). After 54 months, the proportion of voids decreased in all groups (P < .05). No significant difference was observed between the AHS group and the BCS group after 54 months. Teeth in the AHW group contained fewer voids than the AHS group (P < .05). Conclusions: Voids in root canal filling were reduced 54 months after obturation. The warm vertical compaction technique achieved better root canal filling quality in mandibular molars than the single-cone technique when using AHS after long-term storage at 100% humidity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1783-1789
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of endodontics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2021


  • Micro–computed tomography
  • root canal filling
  • single-cone technique
  • voids
  • warm vertical compaction technique

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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