Apical expression of the large-conductance, calcium- and voltage-activated potassium (MaxiK) channel in the cortical collecting duct is responsible for flow-stimulated potassium secretion. Here, we identify two cytoplasmic regions controlling apical expression of the MaxiK channel. Disruption of the proximal region results in the intracellular retention of the MaxiK channel without affecting channel assembly, thereby reducing surface expression. Coexpression of the WT channel with this mutant results in a reduction of WT MaxiK channel at the cell surface. Our data indicate that this proximal region is necessary for export of the MaxiK channel from the endoplasmic reticulum as a way to assess the final assembly of the channel. Deletion of a more distal region disrupts apical sorting, resulting in a nonpolarized distribution of the channel without impairing its surface delivery. In summary, we have found that sequences of amino acids in the C terminus of the MaxiK channel operate after the channel is assembled into a multimer and play a role in its expression, movement to the cell surface, and apical localization.
|Number of pages
|Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
|Published - Oct 19 2004
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