Myocyte specific overexpression of myoglobin impairs angiogenesis after hind-limb ischemia

Surovi Hazarika, Michael Angelo, Yongjun Li, Amy J. Aldrich, Shelley I. Odronic, Zhen Yan, Jonathan S. Stamler, Brian H. Annex

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Objective - In preclinical models of peripheral arterial disease the angiogenic response is typically robust, though it can be impaired in conditions such as hypercholesterolemia and diabetes where the endothelium is dysfunctional. Myoglobin (Mb) is expressed exclusively in striated muscle cells. We hypothesized that myocyte specific overexpression of myoglobin attenuates ischemia-induced angiogenesis even in the presence of normal endothelium. Methods and Results - Mb overexpressing transgenic (MbTg, n=59) and wild-type (WT, n=56) C57B1/6 mice underwent unilateral femoral artery ligation/excision. Perfusion recovery was monitored using Laser Doppler. Ischemia-induced changes in muscle were assessed by protein and immunohistochemistry assays. Nitrite/nitrate and protein-bound NO, and vasoreactivity was measured. Vasoreactivity was similar between MbTg and WT. In ischemic muscle, at d14 postligation, MbTg increased VEGF-A, and activated eNOS the same as WT mice but nitrate/nitrite were reduced whereas protein-bound NO was higher. MbTg had attenuated perfusion recovery at d21 (0.37 ± 0.03 versus 0.47 ± 0.02, P<0.05), d28 (0.40±0.03 versus 0.50±0.04, P<0.05), greater limb necrosis (65.2% versus 15%, P<0.001), a lower capillary density, and greater apoptosis versus WT. Conclusion - Increased Mb expression in myocytes attenuates angiogenesis after hind-limb ischemia by binding NO and reducing its bioavailability. Myoglobin can modulate the angiogenic response to ischemia even in the setting of normal endothelium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2144-2150
Number of pages7
JournalArteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Angiogenesis
  • Animal models of human disease
  • Endothelium/vascular type/nitric oxide
  • Genetically altered mice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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