Occupational characteristics and Burnout Syndrome in Brazilian correctional staff

Raquel Velez Oliveira, Valéria Schneider, Fernanda Salloume Sampaio Bonafé, João Maroco, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: In the correctional context, occupational characteristics may contribute to the development of burnout. OBJECTIVE: To compare the scores of Emotional Exhaustion (EE), Cynicism (CY) and Professional Efficacy (PE) of staff members according to occupational variables in two correctional facilities (CF1 and CF2). METHODS: 339 Brazilian employees from two correctional facilities completed a socio-demographic/occupational questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS). The comparison between the scores obtained on each MBI-GS factor, according to variables of interest vs. correctional facilities, was performed using analysis of variance (ANOVA-two way: p < 0.05). RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were observed between the levels of EE, CY and PE between the correctional facilities (p < 0.001); staff from CF2 presented worse levels. Women (p = 0.014) and individuals with a 10-year tenure or higher (p = 0.041) presented higher levels of EE. Lower scores of professional efficacy were found in CF2 staff members with a 10-year tenure or higher (p = 0.018). The prison escort and surveillance agents presented mean values of EE (p = 0.030) and CY (p = 0.008) that were significantly lower than those of the correctional security officers. CONCLUSIONS: The scores of EE, CY and PE of the staff members suffered a significant influence from the correctional facility, gender, professional category and tenure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-223
Number of pages9
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • occupational characteristics
  • Prison employees
  • professional exhaustion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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