Pairing orthodontic adhesive resins and light-curing units for optimal degree of conversion

Rachel Soyland, G. Frans Currier, Onur Kadioglu, Ji Li, Fernando L. Esteban Florez, Frederick A. Rueggeberg, Sharukh S. Khajotia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the combination of orthodontic adhesive resins and light-emitting diode (LED) light-curing units (LCUs) that result in the highest degree of resin conversion (DC). The hypothesis tested was that pairing orthodontic resins with LCUs from the same manufacturer produces higher DC versus unpaired resins and LCUs. Methods: Pre-polymerization spectra of adhesive resins (Transbond XT [3M Unitek], BracePaste [American Orthodontics] or Opal Bond MV [Opal by Ultradent]) were obtained at oral temperature (37°C) using an attenuated total reflectance (ATR) diamond crystal (Golden Gate, Specac) in a Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer (Nicolet IS50). Resin specimens were polymerized using various LCUs (Ortholux Luminous [3M Unitek], Blue Ray 3 [American Orthodontics], or VALO Ortho Cordless [Ultradent Products, Inc.]) before obtaining post-polymerization infrared (IR); spectra. Twelve LCU-resin combinations were tested (n = 20/combination), half with a bracket present (Mini Diamond Twin, Ormco) and half without. DC values (%) were calculated using the two-frequency method and tangent-baseline technique. Data for each resin were statistically analyzed using General Linear Models and Student-Newman-Keuls post hoc tests (α = 0.05). Results: Statistically significant differences were found within each resin for the groups without brackets present (P < 0.0001), the groups with brackets present (P < 0.0001), and the groups with brackets when compared with the manufacturer-paired group without a bracket (P < 0.0001). Conclusions: Adhesive resins and LCUs from the same manufacturer did not consistently result in statistically higher mean DC values than unpaired combinations. Metal brackets do not uniformly reduce the degree of conversion of adhesive resins when assessed using IR spectrometry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)68-74
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the World Federation of Orthodontists
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2020


  • Adhesives
  • Degree of conversion
  • Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy
  • Orthodontic resins
  • Polymerization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics


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