Patterns of Caregiver Factors Predicting Participation in Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Betty S. Lai, Ashwini Tiwari, Shannon Self-Brown, Peter Cronholm, Kelly Kinnish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


This study examined patterns of caregiver factors associated with Trauma- Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) utilization among trauma-exposed youth. This study included 41 caregivers (caregiver age M = 36.1, SD = 9.88; 93% African American) of youth referred for TF-CBT, following a substantiated forensic assessment of youth trauma exposure. Prior to enrolling in TF-CBT, caregivers reported on measures for parenting stress, attitudes towards treatment, functional impairment, caregiver mental health diagnosis, and caregiver trauma experiences. Classification and regression tree methodology were used to address study aims. Predictors of enrollment and completion included: attitudes towards treatment, caregiver trauma experiences, and parenting stress. Several caregiver factors predicting youth service utilization were identified. Findings suggest screening for caregivers’ attitudes towards therapy, parenting stress, and trauma history is warranted to guide providers in offering caregiver-youth dyads appropriate resources at intake that can lead to increased engagement in treatment services.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-106
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Child and Adolescent Trauma
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 15 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Barriers
  • Children
  • Engagement
  • Enrollment
  • Family

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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