Objective: Polymorphism rs13334190 in the zinc finger protein 469 gene has been suggested to predispose toward a "thin" cornea, which then becomes keratoconic or is directly pathogenic. Thus, we genotyped polymorphism rs13334190 in 127 unrelated keratoconus cases and 168 control subjects from Saudi Arabia using Taq-Man® assay. Results: The genotype frequency distribution did not deviate significantly from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (p > 0.05). Overall, both the genotype and allele frequencies were not significantly different between cases and controls. A minor allele frequency of 0.068 was comparable to the aggregate rates ranging from 0.060 to 0.086 observed in other populations. Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to ascertain the effects of age, gender and genotype on the likelihood of having keratoconus. The analysis indicated that increased age was statistically significant (p = 0.000) and that females have a 2.19-fold increased risk (p = 0.018) of developing keratoconus. The genotype frequencies did not differ between the sporadic or familial keratoconus cases. Polymorphism rs13334190 is not an independent risk factor for keratoconus in the Saudi cohort.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology