PPARγ activation, by reducing oxidative stress, increases NO bioavailability in coronary arterioles of mice with Type 2 diabetes

Zsolt Bagi, Akos Koller, Gabor Kaley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

158 Scopus citations


We tested the hypothesis that short-term treatment of mice with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) with rosiglitazone (ROSI), an agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ, ameliorates the impaired coronary arteriolar dilation by reducing oxidative stress via a mechanism unrelated to its effect on hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia. Control and Type 2 DM (db/db) mice were treated with ROSI (3 mg·kg-1·day -1) for 7 days, which did not significantly affect their serum concentration of glucose and insulin. Compared with controls, in db/db mice serum levels of 8-isoprostane and dihydroethydine-detectable superoxide production in carotid arteries were significantly elevated and were reduced by ROSI treatment. In coronary arterioles (diameter, ∼80 μm) isolated from db/db mice, the reduced dilations to ACh, the nitric oxide (NO) donor NONOate, and increases in flow were significantly augmented either by in vitro administration of apocynin, an inhibitor of NAD(P)H-oxidase, or by in vivo ROSI treatment, responses that were then significantly reduced by the NO synthase inhibitor Nωnitro-L-arginine methyl ester. In aortas of db/db mice, activity of SOD and catalase was reduced, whereas NAD(P)H oxidase activity was enhanced. ROSI treatment enhanced catalase and reduced NAD(P)H oxidase activity but did not affect the activity of SOD. These findings suggest that ROSI treatment enhances NO mediation of coronary arteriolar dilations due to the reduction of vascular NAD(P)H oxidase-derived superoxide production and enhancement of catalase activity. Thus, in addition to the previously revealed beneficial metabolic effects, the antioxidant action of rosiglitazone may protect coronary arteriolar function in Type 2 DM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H742-H748
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number2 55-2
StatePublished - Feb 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Catalase
  • Endothelium
  • NAD(P)H oxidase
  • Rosiglitazone
  • Superoxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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