The physiological function of angiotensin II (Ang II) is mediated through the Ang II type 1 (AT1R) and type 2 (AT2R) receptors. Our previous studies have demonstrated that cell surface targeting of AT1R is regulated by Rab and Sar1 GTPases and the F(x)6LL motif in the membrane-proximal C terminus. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the export of nascent AT2R remain poorly defined. In this report, we determined the role of Rab1 GTPase, which specifically controls protein transport from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the Golgi, and receptor dimerization in the biosynthesis of AT2R. Cell surface expression of AT2R was augmented by transient expression of Rab1 and attenuated by dominant-negative Rab1 mutants and small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of Rab1. Consistently, AT2R inhibition of epidermal growth factor-activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 was significantly reduced by the Rab1 mutants, indicating that endogenous Rab1 modulates the cell surface targeting and signaling of AT2R. It is of interest to note that Rab1 augmented the overall expression of AT2R and its mRNA, whereas the Rab1 mutants attenuated the total AT2R expression and enhanced ubiquitin-dependent AT2R degradation. Furthermore, our previously characterized ER export-deficient AT1R mutant in which the F(x)6LL motif was mutated formed both homodimers and heterodimers with AT2R. Dimerization of the AT1R mutant with AT2R blocked AT2R trafficking to the cell surface, suggesting constitutive dimerization of both receptors in the ER and an important role of dimerization in ER export of the receptors. These data demonstrate for the first time that Rab1 GTPase and dimerization modulate export traffic from the ER to the cell surface of newly synthesized AT2R.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
|Published - Jul 2009
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine