Results of the American Association of Bioanalysts national proficiency testing programme in andrology

Brooks Allen Keel, Patrick Quinn, Charles F. Schmidt, Nicholas T. Serafy, Nicholas T. Serafy, Tammie K.schalue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations


Proficiency testing samples for antisperm antibodies (ASAB), sperm count, morphology and vitality were mailed to participating laboratories. The majority participating utilized Immunobead ASAB procedures (81 versus 14% mixed antiglobulin reaction and 5% 'other'), and there was 95.6 ± 1.2% agreement on the presence or absence of ASAB. The majority of laboratories utilized manual (79%) versus computer assisted semen analysis (CASA; 15%) methods. Approximately 64% used the haemocytometer and 26% used the Makler counting chambers for manual counts. Coefficients of variation (CV) in sperm counts ranged from 24 to 138%, with CASA displaying lower overall CV (53 ± 8%) than manual methods (80 ± 9%). A wide variation in the reports of percent normal morphology was noted (CVs calculated from arc sin transformed means ranged from 15 to 93%). Participants using American Society of Clinical Pathologists (ASCP) criteria reported sperm morphology values that were clustered in the 'normal' range (11 out of 12 samples), while those using strict criteria were clustered in the 'abnormal' range (10 out of 12 samples). Good agreement was observed in sperm vitality (overall mean CV = 18%). These data highlight the urgent need for improvement in overall quality of andrology testing and indicate that practical proficiency testing programmes can be made available on a large scale.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)680-686
Number of pages7
JournalHuman Reproduction
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Antisperm antibodies
  • Proficiency testing
  • Sperm count
  • Sperm morphology
  • Sperm vitality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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