Review article: Recent trends in diagnosis and treatment of faecal incontinence

A. K. Tuteja, S. S.C. Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


The inability to control bowel discharge is not only common but extremely distressing. It has a negative impact on a patient's lifestyle, leads to a loss of self-esteem, social isolation and a diminished quality of life. Faecal incontinence is often due to multiple pathogenic mechanisms and rarely due to a single factor. Normal continence to stool is maintained by the structural and functional integrity of the anorectal unit. Consequently, disruption of the normal anatomy or physiology of the anorectal unit leads to faecal incontinence. Currently, several diagnostic tests are available that can provide an insight regarding the pathophysiology of faecal incontinence and thereby guide management. The treatment of faecal incontinence includes medical, surgical or behavioural approaches. Today, by using logical approach to management, it is possible to improve symptoms and bowel function in many of these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)829-840
Number of pages12
JournalAlimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 15 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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