SAG1 is a host-targeted antigen for protection against Toxoplasma gondii infection

S. Seng, Levi H Makala, M. Yokoyama, C. Lim, Y. H. Choi, N. Suzuki, Y. Toyoda, H. Nagasawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


We previously reported that SAG1 transgenic (tg) mice have an elevated susceptibility resulting from their inability to elicit strong Th1-based protection against Toxoplasma gondii infection. Here, we demonstrate that SAG1 tg mice were protected against T. gondii infection, characterized by a decline in IFN-γ levels, following administration of a lethal dose of T. gondii. Moreover, immunization with T. gondii homogenate conferred protection and induced production of IgG, with IgG1 and IgG2a subclasses driven by Th2 and Th1 responses, respectively, in both SAG1 tg and wild-type (wt) mice. IgG titers were significantly higher from day 10 after immunization in wt mice compared to those in SAG1 tg mice. There were no significant differences observed in levels of IgG1 in both groups. However, significantly lower IgG2a titers were measured in the sera from SAG1 tg mice on days 10, 15 and 20. IFN-γ levels in sera were significantly lower in SAG1 tg mice compared to those in wt mice on day 20 after immunization. When challenged with a lethal dose of the Beverley strain of T. gondii, 80 and 100% survival rates were observed in SAG1 tg and wt mice, respectively, indicating that SAG1 tg mice were protected to a lesser extent from challenge due to the decrease in protective immunity. These results suggest that SAG1 plays a critical role in eliciting protection, hence a target antigen for the development of protective Th1-based responses against T. gondii infection in mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)144-151
Number of pages8
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2004


  • Immunization
  • SAG1
  • Toxoplasma gondii
  • Transgenic mouse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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