Sealing properties of two contemporary single-cone obturation systems

F. Monticelli, J. Sword, R. L. Martin, G. S. Schuster, R. N. Weller, M. Ferrari, D. H. Pashley, F. R. Tay

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60 Scopus citations


Monticelli F, Sword J, Martin RL, Schuster GS, Weller RN, Ferrari M, Pashley DH, Tay FR. Sealing properties of two contemporary single-cone obturation systems. International Endodontic Journal, 40, 374-385, 2007.AbstractAim To compare the sealing of root canals filled with two single-cone obturation systems and a warm vertical compaction technique. Methodology Forty-two single-rooted teeth were decoronated to obtain 17-mm-long root segments. The root canals were cleaned and shaped to size 40, 0.06 taper and filled with: (i) warm vertical compaction with AH Plus (control); (ii) ActiV GP and (iii) GuttaFlow with single master cones. Leakage was evaluated by fluid filtration at 10 psi before root resection, and after 3, 6, 9 and 12 mm apical resections. Repeated measures anovas on ranks and Dunn's multiple comparison tests were performed to examine differences in fluid flow rates amongst different resection lengths for each filling technique. The surface and interior aspects of glass-ionomer filler-coated ActiV GP gutta-percha cones was evaluated with SEM. Results No statistical difference amongst the filling techniques was seen at 0 and 3 mm root resections. ActiV GP and GuttaFlow exhibited more leakage than AH Plus at 6, 9 and 12 mm resections. AH Plus recorded the best overall results. A nonhomogeneous coating of glass-ionomer fillers on the surface of ActiV GP cones was detected. Conclusions The two single-cone techniques examined are as effective in sealing the apex as AH Plus when the latter was used with warm vertical compaction. It is further hypothesized that the inferior coronal seal of these single-cone techniques may be improved with the placement of accessory cones to reduce sealer thickness or an immediate coronal adhesive restoration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)374-385
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Endodontic Journal
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2007


  • AH Plus
  • ActiV GP
  • Flodec
  • Fluid filtration
  • GuttaFlow
  • Single-cone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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