The effect of post-cure heating on residual, unreacted monomer in a commercial resin composite

Y. H. Bagis, F. A. Rueggeberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations


Objectives. This paper examined the influence of post-cure temperature on the amount of unreacted monomer remaining in a commercial light-cured resin composite restoration following initial light-curing and subsequent post-cure heating. Methods. Discs of composite were light-cured and then subjected to immediate post-cure heating (50, 75, 100, or 125°C for 7 min) or were left unheated (control). They were then placed in a solvent for two weeks at 37°C to extract the unreacted monomer. HPLC analysis was used to determine the amounts of TEGDMA, BIS-GMA, and ethoxylated BIS-GMA remaining after the different treatments. The amounts of each monomer leaching were compared using ANOVA with respect to the different curing treatments. Results. Even the lowest post-cure heat treatment (50°C) resulted in 80% reduction in remaining, unreacted TEGDMA, 75% reduction in BIS-GMA, and 77% lower ethoxylated BIS-GMA than the light-cured only control. Post-cure heating at 75°C and above resulted in the lowest amount of each type monomer remaining uncured in the polymer and did not significantly decrease with an increase in post-cure temperature for the most part. Significance. One of the main benefits of post-cure heating of resin composite restorations could be the enhancement of biocompatibility of these restorations as a result of the significant decrease in potentially leachable, unreacted monomer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)244-247
Number of pages4
JournalDental Materials
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2000


  • Post-cure heating
  • Resin composite
  • Unreacted monomer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


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