The Integration of Hypnosis into a Model of Palliative Care

Joel Marcus, Gary Elkins, Frank Mott

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


There exists a need for a broad and inclusive model of integration of mind-body interventions for palliative care. Symptoms relating to psychological distress and existential concerns are even more prevalent than pain and other physical symptoms among those with life-limiting conditions. The hypnotic model's purpose is to improve the patient's total psychological, social, and spiritual well-being. A 4-stage model of interventions is offered to assist the clinician in developing and implementing appropriate hypnotherapeutic treatment for noncurative patients. The focus of the hypnotherapy is to ameliorate the effects of pain and dyspnea to restore a level of psychological and physical well-being. Within this model of therapy for patients with active, progressive, far-advanced disease and a short life expectancy, the goals of the hypnotic intervention are to provide relief from pain and shortness of breath. Other focuses include assisting the patient with the psychological adjustment to their noncurative and ultimately final state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-370
Number of pages6
JournalIntegrative Cancer Therapies
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Cancer
  • Crisis matrix
  • Hypnosis
  • Palliative care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Complementary and alternative medicine


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