The medical student's guide to pathology residency, fellowships, and careers

Ryan Philip Jajosky, Hannah C. Coulson, Won S. Lee, Joanna M. Chaffin, Mara Banks, Audrey N. Jajosky, Miriam Brown, Philip G. Jajosky, Daniel T Kleven, Natasha M. Savage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Recent studies have shown that relatively few MD, DO, and underrepresented in medicine (URM) students and physicians are matching into pathology residency in the United States (US). In the 2021 Main Residency Match, just 33.6% of filled pathology residency positions were taken by senior year students at US allopathic medical schools. This has been attributed to the fact that pathology is not a required rotation in most US medical schools, pathology is often taught in an integrated curriculum in the US where is does not stand out as a distinct field, and because the COVID-19 pandemic led to a suspension of in-person pathology rotations and electives. Ultimately, many US medical students fail to consider pathology as a career pathway. The objective of this article is to provide medical students with basic information, in the form of frequently asked questions (FAQs), about pathology training and career opportunities. This was accomplished by forming a team of MD and DO pathology attendings, pathology trainees, and a medical student from multiple institutions to create a pathology guide for medical students. This guide includes information about post-sophomore fellowships, 5 major pathology residency tracks, more than 20 fellowship pathways, and allopathic and osteopathic board examinations. This guide also contains photographs and descriptions of major pathology sub-specialties, including the daily and on-call duties and responsibilities of pathology residents. The exciting future of pathology is also discussed. This guide supports the agenda of the College of American Pathologists' (CAP) Pathologist Pipeline Initiative to improve student recruitment into pathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number151805
JournalAnnals of Diagnostic Pathology
StatePublished - Oct 2021


  • E-learning
  • Educational Outreach Programs
  • Medical Education
  • Medical Students
  • Pathology
  • Residency Match

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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