Treatment of insomnia in depressed insomniacs: Effects on health-related quality of life, objective and self-reported sleep, and depression

William Vaughn McCall, Jill N. Blocker, Ralph D'Agostino, James Kimball, Niki Boggs, Barbara Lasater, Roger Haskett, Andrew Krystal, William M. McDonald, Peter B. Rosenquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


Study Objectives: Insomnia is associated with poor health related quality of life (HRQOL) in depressed patients. Prior clinical trials of hypnotic treatment of insomnia in depressed patients have shown improvement in HRQOL, but in these studies HRQOL was relegated to a secondary outcome, and objective measures of sleep were not undertaken. Design: Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial Setting: Outpatient clinic and sleep laboratory Patients: 60 depressed, insomniac outpatients Interventions: one week of open-label fluoxetine (FLX), followed by 8 more weeks of FLX combined with either eszopiclone (ESZ) 3 mg or placebo at bedtime Measurements: The primary HRQOL measure was the daily living and role functioning subscale (DLRF) of the Basis-32. Other measures included the Q-LES-Q, self-reported sleep, PSG, actigraphy, depression severity (HRSD) Results: At the end of randomized treatment, patients receiving ESZ had lower (better) DLRF scores (0.81 ± 0.64) than those receiving placebo (1.2 ± 0.72), p = 0.01. The effect size for DLRF was 0.62, indicating a moderate effect. An advantage for ESZ was also seen in other measures of HRQOL, and most assessments of antidepressant efficacy and sleep. Women reported better end of treatment HRQOL scores than men. Conclusions: ESZ treatment of insomnia in depressed patients is associated with multiple favorable outcomes, including superior improvement in HRQOL, depression severity, and sleep. Identifier: NCT00247624.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)322-329
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 15 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Actigraphy
  • Depression
  • Eszopiclone
  • Insomnia
  • Polysomnography
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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