Verbal selective learning after traumatic brain injury in children

Gerri Hanten, Sandra B. Chapman, Jacquelyn F. Gamino, Lifang Zhang, Shelley Black Benton, Garland Stallings-Roberson, Jill V. Hunter, Harvey S. Levin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Selective learning (SL), the ability to select items to learn from among other items, engages cognitive control, which is purportedly mediated by the frontal cortex and its circuitry. Using incentive-based auditory word recall and expository discourse tasks, we studied the efficiency of SL in children ages 6 to 16 years who had sustained severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) at least 1 year earlier. We hypothesized that SL would be compromised by severe TBI. Results indicated that children with severe TBI performed significantly worse than age-matched typically developing children on word- and discourse-level measures of SL efficiency with no significant group differences in number of items recalled from auditory word lists or declarative facts. We conclude that severe TBI disrupts incentive-based cognitive control processes, possibly due to involvement of frontal neural networks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)847-853
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Neurology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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